Environmental and Sustainability Studies (BA Program)

Tara Lynne Clapp, Professor and Chair
Annie Booth, Professor
Art Fredeen, Professor
Ken Otter, Professor
Zoë Meletis, Associate Professor
Sinead Earley, Assistant Professor


Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies (BA)
Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies (BA) (Okanagan Diploma in Environmental Studies Degree Completion)
Joint Major in English and Environmental and Sustainability Studies (BA)
Joint Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies and Political Science (BA)
Minor in Environmental and Sustainability Studies
Minor in Global Environmental Change
Minor in Social Dimensions of Natural Resources Management
Area of Specialization - Global Environmental Studies
Area of Specialization - Communities and Environmental Citizenship
Area of Specialization - Natural Resource Management
Area of Specialization - Indigenous Perspectives


Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies


The Bachelor of Arts in Environmental and Sustainability Studies emphasizes a social science and humanities perspective on environmental and sustainability challenges and opportunities. The program provides a strong philosophical, social and scientific basis for understanding the full diversity of environmental and sustainability issues. It positions students to be effective agents of social and environmental innovation, who can promote mitigation of, and/or adaptation to, environmental challenges. An understanding of the foundations of environmental citizenship is emphasized. The degree offers students substantial opportunity for experiential learning through a number of courses.

Students must complete the common degree requirements, the requirements of the Area of Specialization and elective credit hours in any subject as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).
 

Program Requirements

Lower-Division Requirement

100 Level
BIOL 110-3 Introductory Ecology
CHEM 110-3 Chemistry of Everyday Life
     or CHEM 100-3 General Chemistry I
     or ENSC 201-3 Weather and Climate
     or ENSC 202-3 Introduction to Aquatic Systems
     or PHYS 150-3 Physics for Future Leaders
ENVS 101-3 Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
FNST 100-3 The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
    or ENPL 104-3 Introduction to Planning
POLS 100-3 Contemporary Political Issues

Note:  CPSC 150-3 (Computer Applications) is recommended for students without computing experience.

200 Level
ENGL 270-3 Expository Writing
      or ENGL 271-3 Creative Writing
ENVS 210-3 Environmental Perspectives
ENVS 225-3 Global Environmental Change: Sustainability
ENVS 230-3 Introduction to Environmental Policy
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS

Upper-Division Requirement

300 Level
Gender, Environment and Sustainability
Public Engagement for Sustainability 
Low-Carbon Transitions: Theory and Practice
Aboriginal Perspectives on Land and Resource Management

400 Level
Environmental Law
Environmental and Professional Ethics
Global Environmental Policy: Energy and Climate
Internship 
Environmental & Sustainability Studies Senior Seminar
Tenure, Conflict and Resource Geography
     or GEOG 306-3
Critical Development Geographies
     or FNST 306-3 Indigenous Women: Perspectives
     or FNST 407-3 First Nations Perspectives on Race, Class, Gender and Power
     or FNST 416-3 International Perspective
     or FNST 444-3 Experiential Course in First Nations Studies
Environmental Justice
     or GEOG 305-3
Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour 
     or ANTH 312-3
Human Adaptability and Environmental Stress
     or ANTH 405-3 Landscapes, Place and Culture
     or ANTH 413-3 Environmental Anthropology

Areas of Specialization

Students must choose one of the following Areas of Specialization. Courses use to fulfill major requirements above may not be used to satisfy an Area of Specialization requirement. 
 
Global Environmental Studies
Required:
Social Geography
Introduction to Global Studies
Eight of the following:
Cultural Geography
Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making (if NOT taken as a requirement for the major)
Critical Development Geographies
Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental System
Geographies of Culture, Rights & Power 
Any INTS 3 credit language course
INTS 210-3 Globalizations
Introduction to the Circumpolar North 
Lands and Environments of the Circumpolar North 1 
Contemporary Issues of the Circumpolar North 1
International Dimensions of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 

Communities and Environmental Citizenship
Required:
Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology 
Social Geography
Choose seven of the following: 
Introduction to Canadian Business 
Organizational Behaviour 
Environment and Society
Mediation, Negotiation & Public Participation 
Rural Community Economic Development 
Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
First Nations Perspectives on Race, Class, Gender and Power 
Migration and Development
Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
GEOG 307-3 Changing Arctic: Human and Environmental Systems
Health Geography
NREM 110-3 Food, Agriculture, and Society
Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
Sustainable Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 
Recreation, Tourism and Communities 
Municipal Government and Politics 

Natural Resource Management
Students should note that some of these courses have prerequisites. It is the student’s responsibility to ensure they have completed these prerequisites.

Required:
Field Skills
Introduction to Natural Resources Management and Conservation
The Practice of Conservation
Foundations of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism
One of the following:
Introduction to Traditional Ecological Knowledge 
Cartography and Geomatics
Resource Inventories and Measurements 
Integrated Resource Management
Sustainable Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 
Five of the following:
Mediation, Negotiation & Public Participation
Field Applications in Resource Management 
Natural Resources Planning 
Conservation Planning
Recreation and Tourism Impacts 
Protected Area Planning and Management 
Conservation Area Design and Management 
Contemporary Issues in the Circumpolar North

Indigenous Perspectives
Three of the following:
Ethnography of Northern British Columbia 
Contemporary Challenges Facing Aboriginal Communities
Aboriginal Resource Planning 
Social Geography
Six of the following:
Ethnobotany
First Nations Community and Environmental Planning 
ENPL 409-3 Advanced First Nations Community and Environmental Planning
Any FNST 3 credit language course
Any FNST 3 credit culture course
Métis Studies Level One
Research Methods in First Nations Studies 
First Nations Religion and Philosophy 
FNST 306-3 Indigenous Women: Perspectives
FNST 350-3 Law and Indigenous Peoples
FNST 407-3 First Nations Perspectives on Race, Class, Gender and Power
FNST 416-3 International Perspective
FNST 444-3 Experiential Course in First Nations Studies
Traditional Use Studies 
Cultural Geography 
First Nations and Indigenous Geography 
Aboriginal People in Canada 
Indigenous Tourism and Recreation 
Electives and Academic Breadth Requirement

Elective credit hours are required as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours, including any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (See Academic Regulation 15).  Electives may be at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours.


Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies (Okanagan Diploma in Environmental Studies Degree Completion)

This 60 credit-hour program of study is available only to students from Okanagan College with a diploma in Environmental Studies (Environmental Management Option or Interdisciplinary Environmental Arts Option).

If the diploma in Environmental Studies is completed, with the course choices noted*, the completion of the following courses through UNBC will result in the completion of the BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies.

*NOTE: Students must take Okanagan College's PHIL 251 Environmental Ethics, WMST 222 Ecofeminism and GEOG 210 Introduction to Environmental Issues, GEOG 311 Environmental Management and INDG 204 Indigenous Concepts and Frameworks as part of their course choices at Okanagan College, or additional UNBC courses meeting these requirements are required.
Degree requirements:    Diploma in Environmental Studies from Okanagan College, minimum Cumulative GPA of 2.00, plus 36 credit hours

Area of Specialization:               24 to 29 credit hours
 
Elective credit hours in any subject as necessary to ensure completion of a minimum of 60 credit hours at UNBC.

Lower-Division Requirement
Introductory Ecology
     or POLS 100-3
Contemporary Political Issues
Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
Environmental Perspectives
*Students who have completed the Interdisciplinary Arts diploma option should take BIOL 110-3, and students who have completed the Environmental Management diploma option should take POLS 100-3.

Upper-Division Requirement
300 Level
Public Engagement for Sustainability
Low-Carbon Transitions: Theory and Practice
 
400 Level
Environmental Law
Environmental and Sustainability Policies
Internship
Environmental & Sustainability Studies Senior Seminar
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
     or GEOG 306-3
Critical Development Geographies
     or FNST 306-3
Indigenous Women: Perspectives
     or FNST 407-3
First Nations Perspectives on Race, Class, Gender and Power
     or FNST 416-3
International Perspective
     or FNST 444-3
Experiential Course in First Nations Studies
Total: 30 credit hours
 

Area of Specialization


Students must choose one of the following areas of specialization.
  1. Global Environmental Studies
  2. Communities and Environmental Citizenship
  3. Natural Resource Management
  4. Indigenous Perspectives
Courses used to fulfill major requirements above may not be used to fulfill an Area of Specialization requirement.


Joint Major in English and Environmental and Sustainability Studies (BA)

See Calendar Entry under English


Joint Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies and Political Science (BA)

The Joint Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies and Political Science is for students who want both a broad understanding of environmental issues and the political knowledge needed to respond to those issues. The minimum requirement for completion of a Bachelor of Arts with a Joint Major in Environmental and Sustainability Studies and Political Science is 120 credit hours.


Program Requirements

Lower-Division Requirement

BIOL 110-3 Introduction to Ecology
     or NREM 101-3 Introduction to Natural Resources Management and Conservation
ENVS 101-3 Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
ENVS 210-3 Environmental Perspectives
ENVS 225-3 Global Environmental Change: Sustainability
ENVS 230-3 Introduction to Environmental Policy
FNST 100-3 The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada
GEOG 101-3 Planet Earth
INTS 100-3 Introduction to Global Studies
POLS 100-3 Contemporary Political Issues
GEOG 204-3 Introduction to GIS
POLS 200-3 Canadian Government and Politics
POLS 202-3 Canada in Comparative Perspective
POLS 270-3 Political Philosophy: Antiquity to Early Modernity
Upper-Division Requirement
 
ENVS 309-3 Gender, Environment and Sustainability
  or GEOG 305-3 Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
  or GEOG 420-3 Environmental Justice
ENVS 326-3 Public Engagement For Sustainability
FNST 304-3 First Nations Environmental Philosophy and Knowledge
  or NREM 303-3 First Nations' Approaches to Resource Management
NREM 306-3 Society, Policy and Administration
  or POLS 344-3 Society, Policy and Administration of Natural Resources
POLS 302-3 How Government Works
  or POLS 320-3 Canadian Politics and Policy
POLS 303-3 Democracy and Democratization
POLS 370-3 Political Philosophy: Early Modernity to Post-Modernity
  or POLS 372-3 Theories of Justice
ENPL 401-3 Environmental Law
ENVS 414-3 Environmental and Professional Ethics
ENVS 431-3 Global Environmental Policy: Energy and Climate
ENVS 440-(2-6) Internship
  or POLS 440-3 Internship I
ENVS 480-3 Environmental & Sustainability Studies Senior Seminar
PSYC 408-3 Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour
    or ANTH 312-3 Human Adaptability and Environmental Stress
    or ANTH 405-3 Landscapes, Place and Culture
    or ANTH 413-(3-6) Environmental Anthropology
POLS 400-3 Classics in Political Philosophy
  or POLS 472-3 Seminar in Political Philosophy
POLS 413-3 Democracy and Diversity
  or POLS 415-3 Comparative Northern Development

Elective and Academic Breadth Requirement
 
Students take electives at any level in any subject sufficient to ensure completion of a minimum of 120 credit hours.  This includes taking any additional credits necessary to meet the Academic Breadth requirement of the University (see Academic Regulation 15).


Minor in Environmental and Sustainability Studies

The minor in Environmental and Sustainability Studies offers an opportunity for students in other disciplines to learn how individual lives are connected with environmental systems, and to gain understanding and perspective on key environmental and sustainability issues. A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also
be used to fulfill requirements for a minor in Environmental Studies.

The minor in Environmental and Sustainability Studies requires the completion of 18 credit hours, 12 of which must be at the upper-division level.

Required
Introduction to Environmental Citizenship
Introduction to Environmental Policy
Environmental and Professional Ethics
 
Three of the following:
Sustainable Communities: Structure and Sociology
Environmental Law 
Environmental Perspectives
Gender, Environment and Sustainability
Public Engagement for Sustainability
Global Environmental Policy: Energy and Climate
First Nations Environmental Philosophy and Knowledge 
Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography 
Environmental Justice 
First Nations' Approaches to Resource Management
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour 


Minor in Global Environmental Change

The Global Environmental Change minor offers students a well-rounded perspective on global change issues.  The minor  encompasses the science of global change and change predictions, the political realities of environmental change and the way policy intersects with science.

The Global Environmental Change minor requires the completion of 21 credit hours, 12 of which must be at the upper-division level. A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill program requirements for a major or another minor may also be used to fulfill requirements for the Global Environmental Change minor.

Students must complete ENVS 431-3 and at least 9 credit hours from each of the two lists of courses indicated below for a total of 21 credit hours overall. 

Required
Global Environmental Change: Sustainability
Three of the following: 
Introductory Ecology 
    or BIOL 201-3 
Ecology
Plant Ecology
Introduction to Atmospheric Science
Northern Contaminated Environments
Biometeorology
Storms
Air Pollution
Remote Sensing
 Three of the following:
Environmental Economics and Environmental Policy
Environment and Society 
Sustainable Communities:  Structure and Sociology
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Law
Environmental Perspectives
Introduction to Environmental Policy
Global Environmental Policy: Energy and Climate
Political Ecology: Environmental Knowledge and Decision-Making
Tenure, Conflict, and Resource Geography
Environmental Justice
Introduction to Environmental History
Topics in Environmental History
Introduction to Global Studies
International Organization
Sustainable Resource Recreation and Tourism
Contemporary Political Issues
Society, Policy and Administration of Natural Resources
Environmental Problems and Human Behaviour


Minor in Social Dimensions of Natural Resources Management


The minor in Social Dimensions of Natural Resources Management prepares students to engage the public and First Nations in collaborative processes dealing with the range of values encompassed within the practice of natural resources management. By completing the minor, students become familiar with planning policy and practice as it applies to natural resources management, the range of values and social considerations that apply to a number of resource sectors, and tools for soliciting and involving multi-stakeholder interests. The minor in Social Dimensions of Natural Resources Management requires the completion of a minimum of 24 credit hours of study. A maximum of two courses (6 credit hours) used to fulfill the requirements for a major, or another minor, may also be used to fulfill requirements for this minor. Students must ensure that all prerequisites are fulfilled prior to registering in any course.


Required Courses

Environmental Law
One of the following:
Mediation, Negotiation and Public Participation
Public Engagement for Sustainability
 
One of the following:
POLS 332-3
Community Development
POLS 434-3 Resource Communities in Transition
An additional five of the following courses (no more than two courses in any single program [e.g., ENPL]):
Ethnobotany
Introduction to Planning
Mediation, Negotiation and Public Participation
Social Research Methods
Advanced First Nations Community and Environmental Planning
Environmental Perspectives
Global Environmental Change: Sustainability
Introduction to Environmental Policy
Public Engagement for Sustainability
Introduction to Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Indigenous Environmental Philosophy
Internship
Tenure, Conflict and Resource Geography
First Nations and Indigenous Geographies
Northern Communities
Topics in Environmental History
Agroforestry
Sustainable Recreation and Tourism
Municipal Government and Politics
Community Development
Resource Communities in Transition
Updated: August 16, 2021